Ukraine

Ukraine is a sovereign state; its independence was proclaimed in 1991. Ukraine is situated in the east of Europe. The territory of Ukraine is 603 700 square kilometres. Ukraine has such neighbors as: Russia, Belarus, Poland, Moldova, Slovakia, Hungary, and Romania. It’s washed by the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov and has very important ports. 5% of Ukraine’s territory are mountains; the rest part of the Ukrainian area is flatland. Ukraine has the Carpathians and the Crimean Mountains. The Carpathians is the natural mountainous boundary of Ukraine.

The Dnieper is the main river of the country; moreover, it’s the third longest river in Europe. Such rivers as the Dniester, the Danube, the Southern Bug and the Seversky Donets are also important.

The population of our country is about 46 million people. Besides, the representatives of many other nationalities live in Ukraine: Russians, Jews, Belarusians, Moldavians, Romanians, Greeks, Tatars, Poles, Armenians, Germans, Gypsies and other ethnic minorities. They contributed to Ukraine’s culture and history.

The biggest cities of Ukraine are Kyiv, Kharkiv, Lviv, Dnipropetrovsk, Zaporizhzhya, Donetsk, Odessa, Mykolaiv and others. Every city has its own history.

Ukraine is developed like industrial and agricultural country. It’s rich in iron ore, coal, natural gas, oil, salt and other mineral resources. Ukraine has such branches of industry as metallurgy, machine-building, power industry, chemical industry and agriculture. We have partners in Europe and in the hall world. Scientists of Ukraine make their contributions of important discoveries and inventions to the world science.

Ukraine has a rich historical and cultural heritage. Ukrainian traditions are one of the most interesting in the world; they are full of fun, mystery and ritual greetings. Ukrainian hospitality is passed from generation to generation. People try to honor and respect their traditions.

There are many higher educational establishments, theatres, libraries, museums, art galleries in Ukraine. There are also a lot of  famous artists, architects, writers, poets and musicians; and they are appresiating in all over the world.

Ukraine is a member of the United Nation Organization and takes part in the work of many international organizations.